October 20, 2021




2013 - Escalation Data

Date Event Nature of the Event Gravity Cause of the Escalation Source
24 December 2013 India Pakistan DGMOs meet at the Wagah-Attari border to work out a mechanism to ensure peace at the LOC. Military engagement Positive No Escalation http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/india-pakistan-dgmos-meet-at-wagahattari-border/article5497004.ece
9 December 2013 BSF puts in place anti-sniping measures along Pakistan border - this includes nets and plans for a 41m wide and 10m high embankment - in Jammu's Akhnoor to Kathua. Military deployment Minor CFV/ Terrorism http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/bsf-puts-in-place-antisniping-measures-along-pakistan-border/article5437509.ece
12 October 2013 Indian EAM Salman Khurshid says, “I must make it very clear that we have not reached a stage where we have done something like ‘so-called resumed talks’. We used to have a composite dialogue and that composite dialogue got suspended and then we bega Adverse Political Statement/ breakdown of talks Minor CFV/ Terrorism http://www.livemint.com/Politics/nMHd9QOFffEb7fAg9q00kM/India-Pakistan-not-at-resumed-talks-stage-Khurshid.html
12 October 2013 Pak Army Chief Gen Kayani says that the Indian allegations against Pakistan Army and the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) were ‘unfortunate, unfounded and provocative’. Kayani responded to Indian Army Chief Bikram Singh's allegation that “Pakistan Adverse Military Statement Minor Terrorism http://tribune.com.pk/story/617005/loc-skirmishes-provocative-indian-charges-anger-kayani/
8 October 2013 Gen Bikram Singh says that Pakistan wants to push in many terrorists before 2014. Singh was quoted as saying in an interview to NDTV and his comments were posted on NDTV's Twitter account. Adverse Military Statement Minor Terrorism http://www.reuters.com/article/us-india-pakistan-incursion-idUSBRE9970AY20131008
8 October 2013 The 15-day long Keran Operation was called off by the Indian Army Military deescalation Positive No Escalation http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/army-calls-off-keran-operation-says-eight-militants-dead/article5213456.ece
29 September 2013 Prime Ministers Nawaz Sharif and Manmohan Singh meet in New York on the sidelines of the UNGA Meeting in New York. The leaders pledged to push senior military officers to find “effective means” of restoring a 2003 cease-fire in Kashmir. Politico-diplomatic engagement Positive No Escalation http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/30/world/asia/indian-and-pakistani-leaders-meet-in-new-york.html
25 September 2013 Twin militant attacks in Samba kill 10 people. Home Min Shinde says “as per preliminary information, the terrorists came from across the border” .Leaders of the main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), including the party’s prime ministerial ca Terrorism Moderate ? http://www.livemint.com/Politics/fWuF3VPlTJaNbp6apq7NrM/Twin-militant-attacks-in-Kashmir-kill-at-least-6.html
24 September 2013 Indian army lauches a major counter-infiltration operation in the Keran sector - Keran Operation - after a massive infiltration attempt from across the LoC into Jammu and Kashmir. Military escalation Moderate CFV http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-10-02/news/42617437_1_keran-sector-infiltration-bid-infiltrating-militants
21 August 2013 Pakistani Army officer, Captain Sarfraz gets killed in Indian firing in the Shakma sector near Skardu. Pakistan says Indians fired unprovoked. Firing began after five Indian soldiers were killed in an ambush by persons wearing Pakistan Army uniform CFV/ Military escalation Moderate CFV http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/indian-firing-on-loc-kills-captain-pakistan-army/article5044796.ece
15 August 2013 Indian Army Chief Gen Bikram Singh says that India will retaliate if provoked further by Pakistan on the border. The Chief says that Pakistani troops had “pre-planned and pre-meditated’’ the action and asserted that India reserves the right to retal Adverse Military Statement Moderate CFV http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/we-will-retaliate-if-provoked-further-says-army-chief/article4308449.ece
10 August 2013 India asks Pakistan Government to take responsibility for killing of five of its soldiers on the LoC and asserts that all issues will be factored in “objectively” in dealing with the neighbouring country. Adverse Political Statement Moderate CFV http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-wants-pak-to-take-responsibility-for-loc-killings/article5012535.ece
9 August 2013 The Bhartiya Janata Party asks the Congress-led UPA Government to suspend talks with Pakistan until they hand over Dawood Ibrahim and Hafiz Saeed—two ‘most wanted’ people to India. Adverse Political Statement Minor Political Rhetoric http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-no-talks-till-dawood-and-hafiz-saeed-are-handed-over-demands-bjp-1872661
6 August 2013 Pakistan summoned the Indian deputy high commissioner, Gopal Baglay, over protests outside its high commission in India and asked Centre to ensure the security of its mission and personnel. Summoning of Envoy Moderate CFV http://www.rediff.com/news/report/loc-killings-pakistan-summons-indian-diplomat/20130807.htm
5 August 2013 IndiasummonsPakistanDeputy High Commissioner and lodged a strong protest over killing of five Indian soldiers along the Line of Control in thePoonchsector in Jammu and Kashmir. Summoning of Envoy Moderate CFV http://www.tehelka.com/2013/08/poonch-firing-india-lodges-protest-with-pak-deputy-high-commissioner/
5 August 2013 Five Indian soldiers were killed in Poonch in an ambush by men wearing Pakistan Army uniform. Indian defence minister AK Antony does not blame Pakistan directly. CFV/ Terrorism Moderate CFV/Terrorism http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/five-indian-soldiers-killed-near-loc/article4995032.ece
14 January 2013 BJP leader Sushma Swarajsays that if Pakistan does not return the severed head of the martyred soldier Hemraj, India should get at least 10 heads from the other side. Adverse Political Statement Moderate CFV http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/get-10-heads-if-they-dont-return-it-says-sushma/article4307814.ece
13 January 2013 India-Pakistan Brigade level flag meeting at Chakan Da Bagh fails to break the ice Disengagement Moderate CFV http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/indiapak-flag-meeting-fails-to-break-the-ice/article4307036.ece
12 January 2013 Indian Defence Ministry officially confirms of the beheading of the Indian soldier Official Statement Moderate CFV http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/defence-ministry-formally-confirms-beheading-of-soldier/article4302013.ece
10 January 2013 Cross-LOC trade and travel halted Economic disengagement Moderate CFV http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/indiapak-flag-meeting-fails-to-break-the-ice/article4307036.ece
9 January 2013 India summons Pakistan's envoy in New Delhi to lodge a "strong protest" against the killing of its soldiers. Indian MEA Spokesperson says that India had not crossed the LOC. Summoning of Envoy Moderate CFV http://in.reuters.com/article/us-india-pakistan-attack-idUSBRE9070GO20130109
8 January 2013 Indian authorities accuse that Pakistani forces crossed the LoC, killing two Indian soldiers - one of the soldiers beheaded. Leads to outrage in the Indian army and government. Place: Mendhar on the Indian side of the LOC. CFV Moderate CFV http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/defence-ministry-formally-confirms-beheading-of-soldier/article4302013.ece
6 January 2013 Pakistan accuses Indian troops of crossing the LOC and killing a Pakistani soldier CFV Minor CFV http://www.economist.com/blogs/banyan/2013/01/india-and-pakistan and http://edition.cnn.com/2013/01/06/world/asia/pakistan-india-raid/


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