July 6, 2022

Origins and Rationale of the Project

The project began in early 2016 with a study on the ceasefire violations on the Indo-Pak border in J&K. The Line of Control (LoC) and the International Border/Working Boundary in J&K have witnessed repeated violations of the Ceasefire Agreement (CFA) agreed to by the militaries of India and Pakistan in November 2003.

Violations of the ceasefire agreement of 2003 in the Jammu and Kashmir region are a significant trigger for bilateral military, political, and diplomatic tensions between the two adversaries. These ceasefire violations have the potential to not just trigger a crisis but to also escalate an ongoing crisis, especially in the aftermath of terror incidents. To sustain the ceasefire is therefore as vital as it is to address the fundamental political disputes between the two countries.

The conflict monitor is the result of two years' of research based on extensive and painstaking field visits to the border areas on the Indian and the Pakistani sides, in-depth interviews with Indian and Pakistani military officials and diplomats, and and the creation of several primary data sets to examine and explain the major causes, nature and patterns in ceasefire violations and escalation between India and Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir.

The Indo-Pak Conflict Monitor was launched in February 2017 to regularly monitor ceasefire violations on the Indo-Pak border, to assess escalation dynamics and to make such data and analytical content publicly available. Our database offers coverage on daily incidents of ceasefire violations and escalation since 2002.

While the project began as a 'ceasefire monitor', we have now started analysing the India-Pakistan conflict in general, providing the latest on each of the several outstanding conflicts between the two sides. Monitoring CFVs and conflict escalation, however, remains our USP.

The Indo-Pak Conflict Monitor offers:

  • Daily news updates on ceasefire violations in Jammu and Kashmir.

  • Regularly updated datasheets and statistics on ceasefire violations.

  • Monthly statistical analysis and summaries of CFVs and escalation.

  • Periodic analytical reports and assessments on ceasefire violations and escalation dynamics between India and Pakistan as well as policy prescriptions.

  • Relevant maps and graphical representation of datasets.

  • Brief explainers on the various Indo-Pak conflicts and crises.

  • Chronology and state of play of India-Pakistan confidence building measures.

  • Reports from the extensive field visits that the project team has carried out to the border on the Indian and the Pakistani sides.

  • Podcasts of interviews and interactions with military officers and diplomats from India and Pakistan.

  • Important documents such as treaties, conventions, bilateral agreements, parliamentary records, official statements and press briefings.

  • Related publications and research content.

  • Photo gallery

  • Links to important government websites, related databases and online digital media portals, social media pages, etc.